Fork Mounted Work Platforms - For the producer to follow standards, there are certain requirements outlining the standards of lift truck and work platform safety. Work platforms can be custom made so long as it satisfies all the design criteria in accordance with the safety standards. These customized made platforms should be certified by a licensed engineer to maintain they have in truth been manufactured according to the engineers design and have followed all standards. The work platform needs to be legibly marked to display the name of the certifying engineer or the maker.
There is several particular information's which are required to be make on the equipment. One example for custom equipment is that these require a unique code or identification number linking the certification and design documentation from the engineer. When the platform is a manufactured design, the part number or serial so as to allow the design of the work platform must be marked in able to be associated to the manufacturer's documentation. The weight of the work platform if empty, in addition to the safety standard that the work platform was made to meet is amongst other necessary markings.
The most combined weight of the equipment, individuals and supplies permitted on the work platform is called the rated load. This particular information should also be legibly marked on the work platform. Noting the least rated capacity of the lift truck that is needed to safely handle the work platform could be determined by specifying the minimum wheel track and forklift capacity or by the model and make of the lift truck which could be used along with the platform. The process for attaching the work platform to the fork carriage or the forks should also be specified by a professional engineer or the manufacturer.
Another requirement for safety ensures the flooring of the work platform has an anti-slip surface placed not farther than 8 inches more than the regular load supporting area of the forks. There should be a way provided so as to prevent the carriage and work platform from pivoting and revolving.
The lift truck ought to be used by a skilled driver who is certified by the employer to be able to utilize the machine for hoisting employees in the work platform. The work platform and the lift truck should both be in compliance with OHSR and in good condition prior to the use of the system to lift workers. All manufacturer or designer instructions that relate to safe use of the work platform must also be available in the workplace. If the carriage of the lift truck is capable of pivoting or turning, these functions should be disabled to maintain safety. The work platform needs to be locked to the forks or to the fork carriage in the specific way provided by the work platform producer or a licensed engineer.
One more safety requirement states that the combined weight of the work platform and rated load should not go over 1/3 of the rated capability for a rough terrain forklift. On a high forklift combined loads must not go over one half the rated capacities for the configuration and reach being utilized. A trial lift is considered necessary to be done at each and every job location immediately prior to lifting personnel in the work platform. This practice guarantees the lift truck and be situated and maintained on a proper supporting surface and likewise in order to ensure there is adequate reach to position the work platform to allow the task to be finished. The trial practice also checks that the boom can travel vertically or that the mast is vertical.
Before utilizing a work platform a trial lift must be done right away before raising workers to guarantee the lift can be well situated on an appropriate supporting surface, there is adequate reach to place the work platform to carry out the required task, and the vertical mast could travel vertically. Using the tilt function for the mast could be used to assist with final positioning at the job location and the mast has to travel in a vertical plane. The trial lift determines that ample clearance can be maintained between the elevating mechanism of the lift truck and the work platform. Clearance is even checked according to scaffolding, storage racks, overhead obstructions, as well as whichever surrounding structures, as well from hazards like for instance energized device and live electrical wire.
A communication system between the lift truck operator and the work platform occupants should be implemented to efficiently and safely control work platform operations. When there are multiple occupants on the work platform, one individual must be selected to be the primary individual accountable to signal the lift truck operator with work platform motion requests. A system of hand and arm signals should be established as an alternative mode of communication in case the primary electronic or voice means becomes disabled during work platform operations.
According to safety standards, employees are not to be transported in the work platform between different job locations. The work platform must be lowered so that workers can exit the platform. If the work platform does not have railing or enough protection on all sides, each occupant has to put on an appropriate fall protection system attached to a selected anchor spot on the work platform. Personnel need to carry out functions from the platform surface. It is strictly prohibited they do not stand on the guardrails or utilize whichever tools in order to increase the working height on the work platform.
Finally, the lift truck driver should remain within ten feet or three meters of the lift truck controls and maintain visual contact with the lift truck and with the work platform. If the forklift platform is occupied the driver has to adhere to the above standards and remain in contact with the work platform occupants. These tips aid to maintain workplace safety for everyone.
Click to Download the pdf